Principal Investigator: Università degli Studi di FIRENZE

Partners: Università degli Studi di BOLOGNA; Università degli Studi di FIRENZE; Università degli Studi di ROMA "La Sapienza"; Università di PISA; Politecnico di BARI

Duration: 36 months

 

Research project DESCRIPTION

Italian cultural heritage, one of the most relevant worldwide with 51 listed sites among the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage, is still being lost at an alarming rate, due to either natural or human-induced disasters.
The MICHe project envisages bridging the gaps that are preventing from an active protection of our cultural heritage.
Obstacles to efficient conservation policies are:
- An alarming disconnection between conservators and structural designers approach.
- The need for more reliable methods to forecast risks induced by natural hazards.
- The increased complexity of fulfilments that intervention solutions have to meet, such as effectiveness, compatibility, durability, reversibility/retreatability and sustainability for environment and humans.

MICHe proposal targets the development of new and efficient strategies to protect cultural heritage from different risks. In particular, MICHe proposes new analyses methods, strategies, intervention solutions and management tools to increase the resilience of cultural heritage assets against multiple hazards, like earthquakes, floods, landslides, and fires. An interdisciplinary approach is adopted with the final aim of proposing more efficient multi-risk management policies.

The project focuses on specific case studies, selected to encompass the most typical hazards of the Italian territory. Modena Chatedral, Florence city centre and S. Miniato hill (FI), urban city walls of Volterra (PI) and the Norman Tower in Craco (MT) will be used to test and validate the proposed strategies and methodologies.

The project is grounded in a bottom-up approach, which starts from the stakeholders requirements, and aims at solving the real issues and challenges affecting the conservation of cultural heritage. On the one hand, hazard estimation procedure still require a research effort and thus, significant scientific advancements that can be achieved through a multi-disciplinary research effort. On the other hand, the applicability of already available intervention techniques for built heritage and the effectiveness of hazard prediction chains require a sharing of experiences and fruitful cooperation among professionals involved in the process to make academic research fully effective.

As for social and economic impacts, a more robust safety assessment and an enhanced knowledge base of the sites for the selected study cases will undoubtedly increase the touristic potential and the social resilience of the analysed sites that will beneficiate from the adoption of the MICHe innovative approach. To this purpose, MICHe results, including technical reports, scientific papers, tests results and practical recommendations, will be available and accessible through a web portal for five years after the conclusion of the project.